In today's dynamic business landscape, internal audit plays an even more critical role due to the complexities and the increased emphasis on cybersecurity. It goes beyond mere compliance and extends to strategic contributions for enhancing governance, risk management, and security. This comprehensive guide delves into the realm of internal audit, covering its definition, objectives, scope, procedures, best practices, and its impact on information security (infosec) and overall organizational performance.

What Is Internal Audit?

Internal audit is an independent, objective assurance and consulting activity designed to add value and improve an organization's operations. It helps organizations accomplish their objectives by bringing a systematic, disciplined approach to evaluate and improve the effectiveness of risk management, control, and governance processes. Internal auditors are responsible for providing insights, recommendations, and assurance on the organization's operations.

Objectives of Internal Audit

The primary objectives of internal audit are as follows:

Scope of Internal Audit

Important Internal Audit Procedures

Best Practices in Internal Audit

To conduct effective internal audits, consider the following best practices:

How can COMPASS help?

COMPASS, a specialized lightweight platform, enhances your Internal Audit and external audit processes and user experience. Some of the benefits of using COMPASS include:


Internal audit is a crucial function that contributes to an organization's success by ensuring effective governance, risk management, and compliance. By following best practices, adopting a risk-based approach, and using data analytics, internal auditors can provide valuable insights and recommendations for process improvements. Whether you are an internal auditor, a member of senior management, or simply interested in understanding the inner workings of organizations, this guide provides a comprehensive overview of the significance and processes involved in internal audit. Embracing internal audit as a strategic asset can lead to better governance and ultimately improved organizational performance.

COMPASS provides complete visibility into your security controls, a clear understanding of your compliance posture, and actionable recommendations to remediate issues, without any clutter.
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